Capsaicin is the active component of chili pepper plants; they belong to the genus Capsicum. Pure capsaicin is a hydrophobic, colorless, odorless, and crystalline to waxy compound. It was first extracted in 1816 by Christian Fridrich, but was not isolated in pure, crystalline from until 1876 by John Clough Thresh. Plants that produce capsaicin are germinated by birds, since they are not affected by it, whereas to mammals capsaicin is an irritant that gives tissue or skin a burning sensation. Capsaicin has many various purposes.
Capsaicin is the main capsaicinoid in chili peppers and is about twice as potent to taste and nerves as the minor the capsaicinoids. Capsaicin is present in large quantities in the white pith around the seeds, even though the seeds themselves do not produce capsaicin. It is also found in lesser quantities in the fleshy part of the pepper.
Because of the burning sensation caused by capsaicin when it comes in contact with mucous membranes, it is often used in food to make dishes spicy. In high concentration capsaicin will also cause a burning effect on other sensitive areas of skin. Cold milk is the most effective way to stop the burning sensation since casein has a cleansing effect on capsaicin. The burning sensation takes about 6-8 hours max to fade away on its own. Some experience a certain amount of euphoria after eating the spicy foods, it is believed to be from pain stimulated release of endorphins.
Capsaicin is also used in the medical field for pain relief. Topical capsaicin works by depleting or interfering with substance P, a chemical involved in transmitting pain impulses to the brain. The properties of capsaicin make it an option for relieving pain associated with osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, and diabetic neuropathy. Capsaicin is used to relieve muscle pain, psoriasis, joint pain, or nerve pain. Digested capsaicin may increase body heat for a short time, and due to the effect on carbohydrates, it is sometimes used to regulate blood sugar levels.
Capsaicin is also the active ingredient in pepper spray, when it comes into contact with skin, especially eyes or mucous membranes, it is very painful, and breathing small particles of it as it disperses can cause breathing difficulty, which serves to detour assailants. Another way to use capsaicin is to deter pests. Ground-up or crushed dried chili pods can be put in birdseed to deter squirrels (a mammal), since birds are unaffected by it.
There are many pain sufferers who have experienced significant relief from using our Joint Comfort Rub. It provides the benefits of quick, "cool" penetrating menthol along with the analgesic effects of capsaicin. The addition of Hyaluronic Acid (HA) makes this comfort rub unique since it is a known carrier molecule, helping carry the other active ingredients through the skin to penetrate the deep tissues below, giving you deep, long-lasting relief. For more information or to order, please visit www.conquerha.com or call 877-266-6439.